Screening for endometriosis risk in adolescents
Researchers from Belgium have designed a self-report questionnaire for the purpose of identifying adolescent girls at risk for developing endometriosis.
As described in a recently published article, the instrument was constructed based on a systematic review of published self-report questionnaires aiming to identify adult women with endometriosis.1 It is comprised of 6 main questions.
“Diagnostic delay is a major problem for endometriosis patients as a longer delay is associated with more advanced stages of endometriosis and with a higher likelihood of fertility problems. While other investigators have proposed a series of questions to ask adolescents presenting with pelvic pain, this approach does not address patient-related diagnostic delay in which symptomatic patients seek medical attention too late,” said Brecht Geysenbergh, MD, lead author and gynecologist, Leuven University Fertility Centre, Leuven, Belgium.
“Our questionnaire was developed for screening all female adolescents. First, however, it needs to undergo pilot testing and validation in a large population-based sample before it can be implemented as a screening tool.”
The literature search was conducted using several electronic databases to find relevant articles published in English or French. It initially identified 206 articles, of which 5 were included in the final review based on the a priori eligibility criteria.